The Innovations in Supervision Initiative (ISI) provides grants and technical assistance to state, local, and tribal jurisdictions to develop, implement, and test strategies to increase probation and parole agencies’ abilities to reduce crimes committed by those supervised in the community.
More About the ISI Program
ISI is part of BJA's Innovations in Public Safety portfolio, also known as the "Innovations Suite." BJA's Innovations Suite of programs invests in the development of practitioner-researcher partnerships that use data, evidence, and innovation to create strategies and interventions that are effective and economical.
The goal of ISI is to improve the capacity and effectiveness of probation and parole agencies to increase probation and parole success rates and reduce the number of crimes committed by those under probation and parole supervision. Such efforts would reduce crime and admissions to prisons and jails, and save taxpayer dollars.
At yearend 2016, an estimated 4.5 million adults were under community supervision (probation or parole), the equivalent of about 1 out of every 55 adults in the United States. Many people do not successfully complete their supervision because they either fail to comply with their conditions of supervision or they commit a new crime. Comprehensive crime prevention and public safety strategies must attend to members of this population whose contact with the justice system, while on supervision, is an opportunity to decrease the likelihood they will commit future crimes. This includes partnering with other justice agencies in order to further their mutual public safety goals.
The justice system and its component agencies must continuously improve their methods to prevent crime, apprehend perpetrators and reform their anti-social behaviors, and preserve community members’ sense of security. This is a tremendous undertaking and requires a wide range of resources, skills, and authority to intervene. Additionally, research shows most violent crime is the result of a handful of bad actors; a minority proportion of the individuals who commit crime is responsible for the majority of violent crime in most jurisdictions (Wolfgang, 1973; Farrington, et al., 2006). Further, the individuals responsible are often known to one criminal justice agency and may even be under supervision by another. Although there are no national estimates about the extent to which people under parole and probation contribute to the overall crime rate, available state and local statistics suggest about 20 percent of arrests involve someone under correctional supervision.
Agencies can have a greater impact when they collaborate to address specific crime problems. Further, this collaborative approach can reduce individual agency costs through sharing responsibilities, using pooled resources, increasing coordination, and reducing duplication of efforts.
To that end, ISI helps state, local, and tribal jurisdictions reduce recidivism and violent crime, in particular, through the following strategies, based on the supervising agencies’ needs:
Funds can be used to support capacity-building activities, including staff training, to meet the rehabilitative and supervision needs of the supervision population; assess and address gaps and/or quality of service provision; standardize new or existing strategies to promote replication and scaling; and develop and implement performance metrics.
For a list of grantees, visit www.bja.gov/funding.aspx#3.
The following resources provide information on implementing evidence-based strategies for probation and parole:
The following resources provide information about how the Affordable Care Act may impact probation and parole agencies:
Eligibility Applicants are limited to states, units of local government, and federally recognized Indian tribal governments (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior). BJA welcomes applications that involve two or more entities; however, one eligible entity must be the applicant and the others must be proposed as subrecipients. The applicant must be the entity with primary responsibility for administering the funding and managing the entire project. Only one application per lead applicant will be considered; however, subrecipients may be part of multiple proposals.
BJA Funding Webinars In early 2019, BJA hosted the following educational webinars to assist potential applicants interested in applying for FY 2019 funding opportunities:
BJA also hosted webinars about specific solicitations. Visit the BJA Funding Webinars page to learn more about the webinars and for access to webinar recordings and presentations.
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The National Reentry Resource Center (NRRC) provides technical assistance to help ISI grantees make the most of their federal grant dollars to support sustainable, successful, and evidence-based probation and parole initiatives. Since the NRRC was launched in 2009, it has provided support to each of the more than 600 Second Chance Act (SCA) grantees—state, local, and tribal government agencies, as well as nonprofit organizations—that offer a range of services to various adult and juvenile target populations. The NRRC can:
Visit the National Reentry Resource Center for additional information.
National Institute of Corrections (NIC): Library
What Works in Reentry Clearinghouse
Working with BJA to Improve Health Coverage and Care in the Justice System
Resources on Improving Health Care Access for the Criminal Justice System
National Implementation Research Network (NIRN)
More BJA Publications
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