OverviewThe goals of Tribal Civil and Criminal Legal Assistance (TCCLA) Program are to (1) enhance the operations of tribal justice systems and improve access to those systems; and (2) provide training and technical assistance (TTA) for development and enhancement of tribal justice systems. The TCCLA Program provides civil and criminal legal assistance to low-income individuals, Indian tribes, and tribal justice systems, and provides quality training and technical assistance (TTA) to TCCLA grantees and Indian tribes to support the development and enhancement of tribal justice systems and access to those systems.
Funding can be awarded under the following categories:
CATEGORY 1: TRIBAL CIVIL LEGAL ASSISTANCE GRANTSEligible applicants in Category 1 are limited to nonprofit organizations as defined by 26 U.S.C § 501(c)(3), including tribal nonprofit organizations, tribal enterprises, and educational institutions (public, private, and tribal colleges and universities) with experience providing legal assistance services to eligible individuals pursuant to federal poverty guidelines, federally recognized Indian tribes (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior), or tribal justice systems. Federal poverty guidelines are updated every year by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services at https://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty-guidelines.
Resources may support legal assistance services for Indian tribes, members of Indian tribes, and tribal justice systems, including guardian ad-litem appointments, court-appointed special advocates pursuant to the federal poverty guidelines and development and enhancement of tribal court policies, procedures and code.
CATEGORY 2: TRIBAL CRIMINAL LEGAL ASSISTANCE GRANTSEligible applicants in Category 2 are limited to nonprofit organizations as defined by 26 U.S.C § 501(c)(3), including tribal nonprofit organizations, tribal enterprises, and educational institutions (public, private, and tribal colleges and universities) with experience providing legal assistance services to eligible individuals pursuant to federal poverty guidelines, federally recognized Indian tribes (as determined by the Secretary of the Interior), or tribal justice systems. Federal poverty guidelines are updated every year by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services at https://aspe.hhs.gov/poverty-guidelines.
Criminal legal assistance services may include adult criminal actions, juvenile delinquency actions, guardian ad-litem appointments arising out of criminal delinquency acts or development and enhancement of tribal court policies, procedures and code.
CATEGORY 3: TRIBAL JUSTICE TRAINING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCEEligible applicants in Category 3 are limited to national or regional membership organizations and associations whose membership consist of judicial system personnel within tribal justice systems.
LegislationAuthorized by Title I of the Indian Tribal Justice Technical and Legal Assistance Act of 2000, (25 U.S.C. 3651, et. seq.).
Tribal Law and Policy Institute Releases Access the following BJA-sponsored reports, released in February 2019, from the Tribal Law and Policy Institute:
Project T.E.A.M. Project T.E.A.M., a BJA-funded training and technical assistance provider, has published a manual for tribal and community leaders who want to develop joint jurisdiction courts or initiatives in their own communities. Joint Jurisdiction Courts: A Manual for Developing Tribal, Local, State & Federal Justice Collaborations, is a guide that describes the process developed in one Minnesota community and adopted by other jurisdictions including communities in California and Alaska. The manual describes the benefits of intergovernmental collaboration, and provides suggested guidelines for developing a new joint jurisdiction justice collaborative based on identified needs, tribal and community culture, evidence-based treatment principals, articulated goals, and defined outcomes and includes best practices and lessons learned from Project T.E.A.M.’s work. The manual and supplementary materials can be found on the Project T.E.A.M. website: http://www.ohsu.edu/projectteam/manual.
Manual Now Available for Joint Jurisdiction CourtsThe Center for Evidence Based Policy at Oregon Health and Science University in partnership with Project Together Everyone Achieves More, a BJA-funded training and technical assistance provider, has published Joint Jurisdiction Courts: A Manual for Developing Tribal, Local, State & Federal Justice Collaborations. This resource is a roadmap for tribal, state, local, federal, and community leaders who want to develop joint jurisdiction courts or initiatives in their own communities. See the Joint Jurisdiction Court webpage on the Walking On Common Ground website for additional information about the manual and for access to supplementary materials.
DOJ Tribal Justice Safety website: https://www.justice.gov/tribal
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Training and Technical Assistance webpage of DOJ Tribal Justice Safetyhttps://www.justice.gov/tribal/training-and-technical-assistance
National American Indian Court Judges AssociationThe National American Indian Court Judges Association (NAICJA) serves as the lead training and technical assistance (TTA) provider to grantees and subgrantees of the Tribal Civil and Criminal Legal Assistance (TCCLA) Program. Deliverables can be found at NAICJA website. TCCLA grantees, subgrantees, Indian tribes, and tribal justice systems interested in TTA, please complete the online TTA request form.
American Probation and Parole AssociationBJA through the American Probation and Parole Association provides TTA to TCCLA grantees, subgrantees, Indian tribes and tribal justice systems interested in implementing enhanced sentencing authority authorized by the Tribal Law and Order Act. Publication and other material can be found at the Tribal Civil and Criminal Legal Assistance Training and Technical Assistance Program on the APPA website. For TTA, please complete the online TTA request form.
U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ): Office of Tribal Justice
Tribal Justice and Safety
National Institute of Justice (NIJ): Tribal Crime and Justice
Tribal Justice Exchange
Tribal Healing to Wellness Courts
NCJRS: Justice in Indian Country Special Feature
Walking on Common Ground
Tribal Law & Order Resource Center
Tribal Implementation of the Violence Against Women Act (VAWA)
More BJA Publications
Under Categories 1 and 2, who is eligible to apply? Answer
Under Category 3, who is eligible to apply? Answer
May Category 2 resources be used during tribal criminal proceedings? Answer
Can resources in Categories 1 and 2 be used to provide legal assistance on juvenile matters to federally recognized Indian tribes, members of federally recognized Indian tribes, or tribal justice systems? Answer
All grant categories have a 24-month project period. Must an applicant then include a 24-month budget narrative and budget detail plan in their application? Answer
What are allowable and unallowable costs? Answer
Can I submit more than one proposal? Answer
Where can I learn about other funding opportunities? Answer
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Tribal Justice Plan Publicly Released The U.S. Departments of Justice (DOJ) and Interior (DOI) are pleased to announce the release of the congressionally-mandated Long Term Plan to Build and Enhance Tribal Justice Systems (Tribal Justice Plan), which responds to sections 211, 241, and 244 of the Tribal Law and Order Act. DOJ and DOI were asked by Congress to develop long-term plans to address incarceration in Indian Country and alternatives to incarceration. We have further enhanced the plan to include offender reentry.
AwardsVisit the OJP Award Data site for access to grant awards made through this program.
Bureau of Justice Assistance Tribal Training & Technical Assistance Provider Directory 2013-2014 With guidance from BJA, the National Criminal Justice Training Center at Fox Valley Technical College developed this directory of technical assistance (TA) providers for tribal justice programs. The guide includes information about TA providers’ areas of expertise, conferences, and publications and other resources.
Federal Resources for Tribal Criminal Defense & Juvenile Delinquency Representation
810 Seventh Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20531
For Government Use Only